An unbalanced diet can have an influence, as much by excess as by defect, on eye health. This was evident last Friday at the Mercat de la Guineueta during the workshop 'Nutrition and eye health', an activity open to the public organized by the Barraquer Foundation together with the Institut de Mercats de Barcelona and Think Eat.
According to Itziar Izuel, nurse of the Basic Health Unit of the Barrraquer Ophthalmology Center, vitamin A deficiency can lead to night blindness and vitamin B2 deficiency may result in photophobia, corneal alterations and optic neuropathies. The effect of the consumption of vitamins, antioxidants and other micronutrients in the prevention of various eye diseases such as cataracts, glaucoma, age-related macular degeneration (AMD) and dry eye syndrome is fundamental. Nevertheless, according to Izuel, we must also take into account systemic diseases. These are the diseases affecting the whole body and, therefore having a direct impact on eye health:
- Arterial hypertension
In addition, it is important to bear in mind that obesity is a risk factor for diabetes, hypertension and hypercholesterolemia.
To prevent eye problems through food, as explained at the workshop Marta Guarro and Anna Villanueva, nutrition consultants at Think Eat, there are some recipes that contain foods rich in nutrients necessary for good eye health. Next, we show you one of them:
Vegetable pate toast with sardines
Ingredients for 4 servings
20 dried tomatoes
75g toasted almonds with skin
1 small garlic kernel
Extra virgin olive oil
Salt and pepper to taste
Soak the dried tomatoes the night before. Drain well and reserve. Chop the almonds until you get a cream. Add the tomatoes, garlic, 1 tablespoon of oil, salt, pepper, oregano and crush everything until you get the desired consistency. Assemble the toast with the pate and the sardines on top. Enjoy your meal!